Pregnancy is one of the most important aspects of a woman’s life. This is the reason for fear of infertility. But, if one is suffering from infertility, remember you are not alone. There are many women who suffer from such problems and many reasons for infertility.
If you are trying to conceive soon but have not been able to, here are few effective ways to overcome infertility problems.
Test Tube Baby
Zygote is formed outside the body of women by fusion of sperm and ovum. This zygote forms embryo through division, which in turn will be implanted in the uterus and develops into fetus and then into child. This method is called test tube baby.
In this method, ova from the female and sperm from husband are induced in a laboratory environment to form zygote. The zygote will be allowed to divide till it forms 8 blastomeres. Then, the early embryo is transferred to the fallopian tube through ZIFT (Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer) process. The embryo is transferred into uterus if it is more than 8 blastomeres through IUT (Intra Uterine Transfer).
Implantation of embryo will happen in the uterus. It then develops into fetus and then into child. The mother will give birth to a child after gestation.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
This method was first described in Belgium by Van Steirteghem in 1992. In this, sperms are recovered by ejaculation by techniques like MESA (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) or TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction).
In ICSI method, a single spermatid or spermatozoon is injected into the cytoplasm of oocyte of zona pallucida by micropuncture process. This will be done under high quality inverted operating microscope.
Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)
This process was first explained in 1984 by Asch and colleagues. It is a bit expensive and more invasive than IVF. This is the process wherein sperm and unfertilized oocytes are transferred into the fallopian tube of female. In the procedure, super ovulation is done similar to IVF.
Artificial Insemination Technique (AIT)
There are many types of artificial insemination. But, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is the most commonly used method. During the time of ovulation, semen containing about 1 million sperms from the male will be introduced artificially by a flexible polyethylene catheter. This will be introduced into vagina or the uterus, which is called intra-uterine insemination.
The above ways of reproductive technology are very effective in helping women to conceive, thus solving the infertility problems.